The Chukar is a national bird of Pakistan. Its native habitat ranges are Pakistan, Kashmir, India, and Afghanistan. It is closely related and similar to its western equivalent, the Red-legged Partridge, Alectoris Rufa. The Chukar is a rotund 32-35 cm long bird, with a light brown back, grey breast, and buff belly. The face is white with a black gorget. It has rufous-streaked flanks and red legs. When disturbed, it prefers to run rather than fly, but if necessary it flies a short distance on rounded wings. Chukars prefer rocky, steep, and open hillsides. The Chukar is a resident breeder in dry, open, and often hilly country. In the wild, Chukar travel in groups of 5-40 birds called coveys. It nests in a scantily lined ground scrape laying 8 to 20 eggs. Chukars will take a wide variety of seeds and some insects as food. When in captivity, they will lay 1 egg per day throughout the breeding season if the eggs are collected daily. For hunters, Chakur is a very challenging bird because of its surgical upward flights and sudden disappearances in the bushes.
Due to Pakistans’ diverse weather and varied land is home to some of the rare and exclusive birds in the world. Its wetlands and lakes attract millions of migratory birds from across the globe, especially Siberia each year, which besides its native birds in their natural habitat in the jungles and mountains; provide an excellent opportunity to the bird watchers around the world. A lot of bird sanctuaries have been set up by the government that allows the native and migratory birds to flourish. The hunters are only allowed to hunt with a permit or a license during the hunting season.